Children are born into history. They also want to have a place in the history. They addressed the questions about everything in this world to us as their parents or teachers. So, we are in the best position to help prepare our children to achieve the lifelong task of finding their place in history by helping them learn what shaped the world into which they were born.
Teaching History is one of excellent way to accompany the children’s curiosity and critical thinking skills about this world. World history and local history are the materials learning for schoolchildren. Some people believe that learn about local history is more important than world history. In my opinion, world history is important as local history. Eventhough, there are pros and cons about that.
Local history in our country it means the materials learning about history of Indonesia. Not only about the palaces in Indonesia, the kings in its periode, the wars and the heroes when our country were colonized by Netherlands and Japan, but also about the children’s family history. Local history learning can strengthening the roots of children’s understanding of their identity from nearest surroundings. That is will improve the children’s love and their contributions to save the local heritage in Indonesia.
In spite of that, world history really needed to be learned by schoolchildren because its equip them with the knowledge and understanding of the past for coping and planning for the future world. Above all, today is interconnecting era that the children will facing international collaborations in their life. The materials of world history such as the children’s countries position in the world, new countries and introduce them to different places and times. Learn about that use a globe or map and encyclopedia. Also, introduce the children about the famous people with each movements and the riches culture-diversity in many countries in the world. The parents and teachers need to emphasize the value about “Unity in Diversity” when learned about world history. Stone (1986) said that children are more open to the diversity in the early elementary years than in later years. They are also more likely to express interest in studying and visiting foreign countries in early years. That is why the world history need to be learned by the schoolchildren.
I strongly conclude that the world history is important as much as local history. In the primary ages of children, they learn both of them for foundation their thinking and actuating ways for the universally. So, the children would “Think globally, Act locally”.